Monday, May 25, 2020
Water resource is the most important part of our life. Almost everything cannot leave with water. From food to production, demand for water is growing. Water in different states constantly moves and nourish all. Thus, recognizing the water cycle is vital and necessary for development and Environmental Protection. Introduction Water cycle is also known as Ã¢â¬Å"hydrological cycle. It describes the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth. Water is always changing states between liquid, vapor, and ice. Water cycle has been going on for billions of years and all life on Earth is dependent on the water cycle. If there is no water cycle, the Earth would be a lifeless place. There is no clear starting point of water cycle, but the ocean can be counted as the beginning of it. The sun drives the entire water cycle. Water changes into water vapor due to the rice of ocean temperature and then evaporates into the air. Freshwater lakes and rivers have similar evaporated phenomenon. On land, water of transpiration from the plant and land also change into steam and evaporate into the air. A small amount of water in the air from the sublime, which is the direct evaporation of ice and snow and it is completely omitted from the melting process. Updrafts carry water vapor into the atmosphere and water vapor condenses into a cloud due to the low temperature of atmosphere. Airflow driven cloud to move around the Earth Cloud particles collide with each other toShow MoreRelatedHuman Health And Sustainable Development1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbalance that is necessary in life. Over time, humans have attempted to achieve a more sustainable environment on earth. However, over the past few years, humans have been very irresponsible and unsuccessful as they have depleted wh at the nature has provided and disrupted the balance that is so essential in life. Humans are disturbing the sustainable development by destroying many cycles of life that were given to us such as the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and water cycle. This will have a negativeRead MoreComparing the Importance of Water vs. Oil Essay541 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Water always has and always will have a fundamental role in the continuation of life on our planet. Oil however, has not. Crude oil has never been a necessity, but a luxury in our everyday lives. Water is more precious than oil. This can be shown through its variety of uses and its necessity in our lives and for our well being. Oil of course has many uses in our world but is not fundamental in the survival of life. The future for both oil and water is troubled, oil is being rapidly leached byRead MoreConserving Water Is Conserving Life. Earth Is Often Called1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConserving Water is Conserving Life Earth is often called the Ã¢â¬Å"Blue PlanetÃ¢â¬ , and rightfully so, since nearly 75 percent of the planet is covered with water. This may lead some to believe that conservation is not concerning or an important issue. What many do not realize is that only 3 percent of that 75 percent is freshwater, and less than one-third of the fresh water is in a form or location that is accessible for human consumption (American Museum of Natural History). Water conservation is anRead MoreThe Movement And Distribution Of Water On Earth869 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Water, Water, Everywhere! _ ReadWorks Without Answer Key Sign Ã © 2013ReadWorksÃ ®, Inc.All rights reserved.Water, Water, Everywhere!The Water CycleWater can be found throughout the earth, both in living things and in the physical environment. It is in our bodies, in the bodies of animals and insects, and within all plants. Most of the water on earth is contained in our oceans. The rest of the water on earth isunder ground, in rivers, and in the atmosphere, among other placesRead MoreWater Consumption On Drinking Water1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The purpose for the water/food supply is to know how important it is to humans and animals and how we can save our water/food supplies before it is too late. Having an abundant supply of clean water and healthy food are top needs in an emergency. An ordinarily active individual needs to take not less than two quarts which is equivalent to half gallon of water every day. Water consumption on drinking may depend on the environment, level of health and other factors. Similarly, peopleRead MoreWater Consumption On Drinking Water Essay1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction The purpose for the water/food supply is to know how important it is to humans and animals and how we can save our water/food supplies before it is too late. Having an abundant supply of clean water and healthy food are top needs in an emergency. An ordinarily active individual needs to take not less than two quarts which is equivalent to half gallon of water every day. Water consumption on drinking may depend on the environment, level of health and other factors. Similarly, peopleRead MoreWater Cycle And Its Effect On Earth1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexplain how important water is for life on earth to survive without first explaining what water is and how different it is than other substances. Water is unique in that it is the only natural substance that is found on earth as a liquid, solid and gas. The water cycle of the earth shows that it is constantly interacting, changing, and moving. The water cycle has five parts which are evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltratio n and surface run-off. This water cycle is critical to life on earthRead MoreWater Is An Essential Part Of Human Lives838 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWater is an essential part of human lives. People not only need water for consumption, but also utilize it daily in several ways; this includes bathing, washing, sewage/waste, watering outdoors, etc. Water is essentially everywhere. Although access to water in the United States often seems so simple and easy, water is not always in the form people see coming out of the faucet. There are a variety of water sources on the Earth. Although from several sources, water has a distinguished cycle on theRead MoreThe Carbon Cycle1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis Ã¢â¬Ëpassing of the atomÃ¢â¬â¢ along a chain of processes is called a cycle, the series of processes in which the carbon atom goes through is called the carbon cycle. Each Carbon is the fourth most affluent element in the universe and is an important part of most molecules that make up most of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s natural resources and organic matter, which is why the carbon cycle is one of the most important cycles on earth. Through-out the cycle, carbon can become several different forms such as sugar, oil, diamondRead More Groundwater and the Hydrologic Cycle Essay1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHydrologic Cycle Introduction Water is the lifeblood of every living creature on earth. Approximately 70 percent of the earths surface is covered with water. Thought the wonders of nature, water can take on many different forms, form the water we drink, to the ice we use to chill a glass of lemonade, to the water vapor used to steam clean equipment equipment. It is easy to understand the significance water plays in our lives, but it may be much more difficult ot understand the water that exists
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Question #1 Criminal Law and Popular Culture With the increase in crime rates and application of criminal justice, it is factual that the filming industry has embraced the issue where more than quarter of the television dramas and films are based on crime and criminal justice. Most of these television programs and dramas exhibit values such as societal norms in law enforcement and agencies involved in criminal law. Therefore, messages conveyed in these TV programs are based on the real life law enforcement through legal processes, legal system adhered to, and the law enforcers involved. Basically, these television programs feature the knowledge on the legal system, law enforcersÃ¢â¬â¢ representations, legal rights, compliance, and victimization. Close scrutiny of these programs exhibits that they are just fictions on law enforcement in the real life setting. Thus, they depict law enforcers as moral people in the society who are qualified in attending to crimes. Therefore, one can assert that c riminal law helps the makers of these TV programs to draw a distinction between law enforcers and the criminals. Furthermore, it helps TV programs convey relevant information regarding the operation of the justice system. Citing from the CSI effect, it is perceptibly factual that TV shows/dramas that adhere to forensic investigation as a way of solving crimes are significantly affecting the criminal law in the contemporary CJS. Prosecutor andShow MoreRelatedCriminal Law And Popular Culture1367 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Criminal Law and Popular Culture With the increase in crime rates and application of criminal justice, it is factual that the filming industry has embraced the issue where more than quarter of the television dramas and films are based on crime and criminal justice. Most of these television programs and dramas exhibit values such as societal norms in law enforcement and agencies involved in criminal law. Therefore, messages conveyed in these TV programs are based on the real life lawRead MoreRacial Segregation And Popular Culture1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin our attitudes. This leads to actions that are negatively interpreted in our cultures and diffuse in the media, which in turn, form prejudice and discrimination that structure systems to target minority groups. The two most frequent racial stereotypes in cultural and social agendas are popular culture and the media. Both frame images of African Americans and utilize the images to provide inequality. Popular culture reveals the white superiority and a racial hierarchy atmosphere in our societyRead MoreCrime and Forensic Psychology1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBambam2 BecauseÃ crime is one of the more appealing themes in popular culture, the public receives a skewed version of crime. The publicÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge may be particularly lacking with regard to the entire field of criminology, the differences between blue-collar and white-collar crime, and the general perception of the incidence of crime in the United States. You are asked, as the public relations representative of your police department, to provide an information session on the field of criminologyRead MoreStereotypes And Generalizations Of African Americans1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSince the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ inception, the negative stereotypes and generalizations of African Americans have been some of the worst examples of racism that has been extremely prevalent in American culture. African American stereotypes date back all the way to colonial American times, where African American slavery was considered to be accepted and practiced. Since then, black people in America have been treated horribly for stereotypes that have deep roots in the mistreatment of black people in AmericanRead MoreRealism and Idealism for the Godfather1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbefore. The way they talked so confident and cool to the way they looked so sharp and sophisticated. Although they were ruthless criminals, they had certain respectability towards t hem that no body could deny. Even though I was young and didnt quite understand all of the scenes I became infatuated with the movie the Godfather and went on to seeing a couple of other popular films like Goodfellaz, Casino, and Once upon a time in America. It is almost unreal how one movie can have such a big influenceRead More Realism and Idealism for the Godfather Essay1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbefore. The way they talked so confident and cool to the way they looked so sharp and sophisticated. Although they were ruthless criminals, they had certain respectability towards them that no body could deny. Even though I was young and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t quite understand all of the scenes I became infatuated with the movie the Godfather and went on to seeing a couple of other popular films like Goodfellaz, Casino, and Once upon a time in America. It is almost unreal how one movie can have such a big influenceRead MoreEssay about Jurors and Prosecution: Forensics in Pop Culture1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeing damaging? Crime shows like the ever popular CSI:Crime Scene Investigation have started becoming significantly detrimental to criminal cases, influencing their perceptions of what should realistically be going on. This includes mostly jurors with acquittal rates and wrongful convictions, but researchers have also started to find a rising fault in the prosecution. In the following literature review, scholarly and peer-reviewed journals, articles from popular news media, and surveys have been synthesizedRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1594 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbecome part of our culture? Sure the placement of the 2nd amendment might have conveyed the image of manly men carrying guns to their local Taverns but in BellesilesÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Journal of American HistoryÃ¢â¬ guns were costly and strictly regulated to wealthy white Protestants. Even if guns were obtained, the intruder or enemy would have been bludgeoned to death before the gun could be properly loaded. According to an interview of Bellesiles, he argues that AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s extreme gun culture gained popularityRead MoreDrug Usage In America Essay969 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesplayed a role in American culture. History of Drug Use Drugs have been part of the American culture as far back as the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. Using drugs for medicinal purposes existed before the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s but it was during the years 1850 to 1914 when America suffered from what was considered the first epidemic of drug use. Opium During the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s one of the medicinal uses of opiates was targeted toward women for the treatment of Ã¢â¬Å"female troublesÃ¢â¬ . Another interesting aspect of the culture was that alcohol consumptionRead MoreProhibition and the Effect on America756 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescontrol alcoholism in America. I chose to do prohibition because the fact that the action taken by the federal government in order to form a better society has led to an explosion of criminal offences in the past as well as today. The effects of prohibition consistently offer a hand in the shaping of American culture. Full-fledged black markets and organized crime groups both offset the supposed benefits of prohibition. Today, teenagers often turn to the underage consumption of alcohol to make them
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist, created the pyramid of human needs to depict the subconscious priority system that we all possess. According to this pyramid, people must fully meet the needs of the lowest level - physiological needs, such as breathing, food, and water - before moving up to any of the following levels. The idea behind this process is that a person will continue to move up the pyramid as they fulfill each individual level, until ending with the final level, which is self-actualization. This is the goal of all humans, their innermost desire: to reach self-actualization and become all that they are capable of becoming. However, the majority of the human race lives their lives based on reaching commercial and economic success, rather than happiness and higher values. Modern economic theory measures wealth in a strictly monetary sense, resulting in motivation stemming from the promise of money, not from the promise of possible self-fulfillment. This theory stifle s the natural motivation within people to reach a higher value, therefore stifling the potential of all people in an economic, social, and individual sense. As shown through different readings about oppressed women or races, different pieces of literature, and personal experiences, self-actualization leads to a life filled with more meaning and purpose. Because all people have a fundamental impulse to self-actualize, an economic theory based on recognition of these aspirations, rather than oneShow MoreRelatedAbraham Maslow, Was The American Psychologist Who Created2142 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAbraham Maslow, was the American psychologist who created MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs. This theory talks about the need for personal growth that is present throughout a person s life. Maslow believed that in order to reach self-actualization you had to first have all the bottom parts of the pyramid. You could not move on to self-actualization until you have fulfilled the bottom requirement s. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs is based on human needs that has five steps and are often shown on a pyramidRead MoreThe Theory Of Self Actualization Essay940 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor many years psychologist has observed and deliberated over humans and their lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s goals. The three much known psychologists came up with the concepts and they are: Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and Viktor Frankl alone with many others. These three psychologist had studied and constructed the theory of self-Actualization and the meaning of life. They have agreed that self-actualization represents growth of an individual towards fulfillment of the highest need. RogerÃ¢â¬â¢s created the theory implicatingRead MoreMaslow s Theory Of Maslow Essay1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesApril 1st 1908, Samuel and Rose Maslow became parents to their first child, Abraham Maslow. He was their first child and was born in Brooklyn, New York. Abraham Maslow would become the oldest of seven children (Boeree, 2006) . His parents were from Russia and were Jewish immigrants. Maslow was raised in a diverse, working class neighborhood. His parents were uneducated, however education was something they valued for their children. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s family was poor Maslow experienced anti-Semitism from teachersRead MoreAbraham Maslow Life Span Development and Personality1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbraham Maslow Life Span Development and Personality Abraham Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. Abraham Maslow grew up in Brooklyn, New York, the first of seven children born to his Jewish parents who emigrated from Russia. His parents were uneducated, but they insisted that he study law. Maslow later described his early childhood as unhappy and lonely, and he spent much of his time in the library immersed in books. At first, Abraham acceded to their wishes and enrolled in theRead MorePersonality Is A Of A Coherent Picture Of An Individual948 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theories. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s developmental psychologists see development as a lifelong endeavor, not just fixated in childhood (Meyers, 2014, p. 430). In the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, psychologists such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers focused on the ways that Ã¢â¬Å"healthyÃ¢â¬ people behaved and reacted, as compared to FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s studies of Ã¢â¬Å"sickÃ¢â¬ people. Maslow and Rogers, who were deemed humanistic terrorists, were the first to genu inely study individuals in this way. While Maslow focused on the ways that humans progressRead MoreAbraham Maslow s Theory On Motivation1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbraham Maslow Many psychologists have been influential in the field of psychology but one of those that has achieved this more than most was Abraham Maslow. Abraham Maslow (April 1, 1908- June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who is best known for his theories on motivation, his hierarchy of needs and as being one of the founding fathers of humanistic psychology (Popova, date unknown). As he is largely associated with such themes such as motivation, needs and humanistic psychology the assignmentRead MorePsychology : Psychology And Psychology1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe psychodynamic and behavioral aspects relating to the October 2000 article in the American Psychologist., Hunger, eating, and I11 Health, by John PJ Pinel, Sunaina Assanand and Darrin R. Lehman. The view is defined as a psychological behavioral perspective that emphasizes the power to influence environmental behavior. Behavioral point of view, which is often referred to as behaviorism and developed by psychologists who disagreed with cognitive point of view. Instead of looking at mental processesRead MoreA Russian American Psychologist, Urie Brofenbrenner1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUrie Brofenbrenner A Russian American psychologist, Urie Brofenbrenner was born on April 29, 1917 in Moscow, Russia. When he was six years old, he moved to the United States, more specifically Pittsburgh for a short stay, until moving in Letchworth Village in New York where his father work as a research director and clinical physiologist at the New York State Institution for the mentally retarded. For education, he attended high school and Haverstraw, New York; after graduation he pursuedRead MoreMotivation Theories, Content And Process Theories910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthemselves, what will drive my employees to strive for success? Abraham Harlod Maslow, an American psychologist best known for creating a content motivation theory known as MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs, attempts to answer this question by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"we are motivated by the desire to achieve or maintain the various conditions upon which these basic satisfactions rest and by certain more intellectual desiresÃ¢â¬ ( Malsow 1943). Maslow was of the view that, Ã¢â¬Å"the strongest Ã¢â¬Ëfelt needsÃ¢â¬â¢ determine behaviours of individualsRead MorePsychology : Psychodynamic And Behavioral Perspectives1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespsychodynamic and behavioral perspectives pertaining to the article in the American Psychologist October 2000, Hunger, Eating, and I11 Health, by John P. J. Pinel, Sunaina Assanand, and Darrin R. Lehman. The behavioral view is defined as the psychological perspective that emphasizes the power of the environment to influence behavior. The behavioral view is often referred to as behaviorism and was developed by psychologists who disagreed with the cognitive view. Instead of looking at the mental processes
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Questions: For every individual, it is necessary to possess some personal and professional skills to enhance their knowledge and to perform well in the organisation and in their daily life. To identify or justify yourself, and to know where you stand, answer all the questions below related to your professional development in the organisation where you are currently working or familiar with. 1.Identify the strategic goals of the chosen organisation and use appropriate methods to evaluate your personal skills in regards to achieving strategic goals of the chosen organisation. 2.Based on opinions / understanding about your own self, apply suitable techniques to assess your professional skills required which can support the strategic direction of the chosen organisation. 3.Conduct a skills audit to identify your current learning styles and apply appropriate techniques to identify preferred learning styles which suits you the best. Evaluate the strategic skills needed for you to meet current and feature leadership requirements. 4.Based on your answers for the AC 2.1, construct your own personal development plan that meets the requirements of leadership development. 5.Based on your own constructed personal development plan, use suitable method to assess the outcomes of it against personal work objectives. 6.Evaluate the impact of own learning against the achievement of strategic goals. Answers: Strategic administration is the methodology in which administration executes an arrangement or technique that expands the usage of assets for the profit of the association. Frequently organizations execute an arrangement, yet neglect to execute a process that measures execution on gathering and accomplishing objectives. The key administration arrangement ought to be utilized as a general plan of the bearing of the association, which incorporates a key examination, for example, - SWOT (quality, shortcomings, opportunities and dangers). Also effective arrangements need to be adaptable and creative with a specific end goal to adjust to complex liquid situations. Describe the Term STRATEGY The term Strategy is characterized as a procedure by which an association makes an arrangement or methodology that is intended to produce a positive conclusion. Administration is characterized as the association of courses of action inside an undertaking focused around particular arrangements intended to attain to expressed targets. Incorporate the terms, vital administration, and you make a procedure for breaking down inner (qualities and shortcomings) and outside (circumstances and dangers) components influencing the association and give a system to executing the technique for the reasons of amplifying advantageous conclusions focused around expressed targets. At the point when leading the Strategic investigation either a "qualities" or "SWOT" examination is obliged relying upon the endeavor. What are the different structures and approaches for strategic management? There are various structures and approaches for Strategic arrangement and administration. While there is no outright manages with respect to the privilege structure, most take after a comparative example and have normal qualities. Numerous systems push through some variety on a few exceptionally fundamental stages: 1) Investigation or evaluation of Nestle, where the company maintain the understanding of the current inside and outside situations is produced 2) Procedure plan, where abnormal state system of Nestle is created and an essential association level vital arrangement is reported. 3) Method execution, where the abnormal state arrangement of nestle is interpreted into more operational arranging and activity things. 4) Assessment or sustainment/ administration stage of Nestle, where progressing refinement and assessment of execution of various products, society, correspondences, information reporting, and other key administration issues happens. What are the points strategic managers should implement? Analysis of Nestle Firstly, Nestle Managers analyze all its assets, liabilities, capacities, qualities, and shortcomings to implement the plan. A SWOT analysis is processed in ordered to know the Strength and shortcomings of the organization. Additionally, Nestle have an insight of Core strength of its own. These highlight its remarkable qualities, and help them to ponder how they can separate themselves from their rivals. Analyze Environment Presently Nestle has to look at Its current working environment to foresee where things are moving. They have very energizing open doors of opportunities. Their future situations are likely in the industry, and they have very good working environment. Analyze customers and stakeholders Nestls technique characterizes how they win and hoe they will win in near future, and winning is ordinarily encircled by how well they fulfill their clients requirement. Nestle is a revenue driven organizations and this company keep their clients and shareholders glad. One Strategy which Nestle follow is that they very well recognize their customers and stakeholders. What their customers need? Furthermore who are the key stakeholders in their prosperity? Analyze competitors In customary revenue driven organization, Nestle see how their items contrast and contenders' items, and what their rivals' like HUL and other FMCG companys skills are. Non-benefits, departmental groups and tasks have contenders as well. Nestle makes different activities and groups inside the office go after cash and different assets. Hence, Nestle demonstrate that they can include esteem, meet goals, and help hierarchical achievement. Nestle also Identify some important strategic options and do a lot of brainstorm, it really helps. Keep looking for opportunity and be cautious for threats Nestls SWOT Analysis identifies some of the main opportunities and threats they face. Using this as a starting point, brainstorm additional ways to maximize their opportunities, minimize their threats, or perhaps even turn their threats into opportunities. A critical thinking methodology for Nestle can likewise help at this stage. For instance, in the event that you need to build your consumer loyalty evaluations in an industry tormented by poor client relations, your beginning position are "low fulfillment." Brainstorm why this is the situation, and make vital alternatives that would expand fulfillment. Keep evaluating and redesigning your strategy plan for the best output By this stage, Nestle have likely distinguished a scope of great undertakings that they could run. They should now assess these to pick the best vital alternatives. Consider each alternative they have distinguished, however don't make a last judgment until they have finished their evaluation. Begin by assessing every alternative in the light of the relevant components they distinguished in Stage 1. What do these let them know about every alternative? With this assessment complete, Nestle now must pick the best vital alternative or key alternatives, making beyond any doubt that they don't pick such a variety of choices that they spread their assets too poorly. Checking their thoughts for consistency with their Organization's Vision, Mission and Values, and overhaul these if important. It's not difficult to disregard these discriminating components amid key arranging, so guarantee that what they need to "win" is something that helps towards the Companys ultimate goal! Nestle should Keep experimenting but should be logical while doing it! There's a lot of debate, conflicts and disagreement about the best way of strategic development.
Wednesday, April 8, 2020
Battle of Yorktown in the American Revolution The Battle of Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolution (1775-1783) and was fought September 28 to October 19, 1781.Ã Moving south from New York, a combined Franco-American army trapped Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis army against the York River in southern Virginia. After a brief siege, the British were compelled to surrender. The battle effectively ended large-scale fighting in North America and ultimately the Treaty of Paris which ended the conflict.Ã Armies Commanders American French General George WashingtonLieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau8,800 Americans, 7,800 French British Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis7,500 men Allies Unite During the summer of 1781, General George Washingtons army was encamped in the Hudson Highlands where it could monitor the activities ofÃ Lieutenant General Henry Clintons British army in New York City. On July 6, Washingtons men were joined by French troops led by Lieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau.Ã These men had landed at Newport, RI before proceeding overland to New York. Washington initially intended to utilize the French forces in an attempt to liberate New York City, but met resistance from both his officers and Rochambeau. Instead, the French commander began to advocate for a strike against exposed British forces to the south. He supported this argument by stating thatÃ Rear Admiral Comte de Grasse intended to bring his fleet north from the Caribbean and that there were easier targets along the coast. Fighting in Virginia During the first half of 1781, the British expanded theirÃ operations in Virginia. This began with the arrival of a small force under Brigadier General Benedict ArnoldÃ which landed at Portsmouth and later raided Richmond. In March, Arnolds command became part of a larger force overseen by Major General William Phillips. Moving inland, Phillips defeated a militia force at Blandford before burning warehouses in Petersburg.Ã To curb these activities, Washington dispatched theÃ Marquis de LafayetteÃ south to oversee resistance to the British. On May 20, the army of Lieutenant GeneralÃ Lord Charles Cornwallis arrived in Petersburg. Having won a bloody victory at Guilford Court House, NC that spring, he had moved north into Virginia believing that the region would be easy to capture and receptive to British rule. After uniting with Phillips men and receiving reinforcements from New York, Cornwallis commenced raiding into the interior. Ã As the summer progressed Clinton ordered Cornwallis to move towards the coast and fortify a deep water port. Marching to Yorktown, Cornwallis men commenced building defenses while Lafayettes command observed from a safe distance.Ã Marching South In August, word arrived from Virginia that CornwallisÃ army was encamped near Yorktown, VA. Recognizing that Cornwallis army was isolated, Washington and Rochambeau began discussing options for moving south. The decision to attempt a strike against Yorktown was made possible by the fact that de GrasseÃ would bring his French fleet north to support the operation and prevent Cornwallis from escaping by sea. Leaving a force to contain Clinton in New York City, Washington and Rochambeau began moving 4,000 French and 3,000 American troops south on August 19 (Map). Eager to maintain secrecy, Washington ordered a series of feints and sent false dispatches suggesting that an attack against New York City was imminent. Reaching Philadelphia in early September, Washington endured a brief crisis when some of his men refused to continue the march unless they were paid one months back wages in coin. This situation was remedied when Rochambeau loaned the American commander the needed gold coins. Pressing south, Washington and Rochambeau learned that de Grasse had arrived in the Chesapeake and landed troops to reinforce Lafayette. This done, French transports were sent north to ferry the combined Franco-American army down the bay.Ã Battle of the Chesapeake Having arrived in the Chesapeake, de Grasses ships assumed a blockading position. On September 5, a British fleet led by Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Graves arrived and engaged the French. In the resulting Battle of the Chesapeake, de Grasse succeeded leading the British away from the mouth of the bay. While the running battle that ensued was tactically inconclusive, de Grasse continued to draw the enemy away from Yorktown.Ã Disengaging on September 13, the French returned to the Chesapeake and resumed blockading Cornwallis army. Graves took his fleet back to New York to refit and prepare a larger relief expedition. Arriving at Williamsburg, Washington met with de Grasse aboard his flagship Ville de Paris on September 17. After securing the admirals promise to remain in the bay, Washington focused on concentrating his forces. Joining Forces With the Lafayette As troops from New York reached Williamsburg, VA, they joined with the forces of the Lafayette who had continued to shadow Cornwallis movements. With the army assembled, Washington and Rochambeau began the march to Yorktown on September 28. Arriving outside the town later that day, the two commanders deployed their forces with the Americans on the right and the French on the left. A mixed Franco-American force, led by the Comte de Choissey, was dispatched across the York River to oppose the British position on Gloucester Point. Working Towards Victory In Yorktown, Cornwallis held out hope that a promised relief force of 5,000 men would arrive from New York. Outnumbered more than 2-to-1, he ordered his men to abandon the outer works around the town and fall back to the main line of fortifications. This was later criticized as it would have taken the allies several weeks to reduce these positions by regular siege methods. On the night of October 5/6, the French and Americans began construction of the first siege line. By dawn, a 2,000-yard long trench opposed the southeast side of the British works. Two days later, Washington personally fired the first gun. For the next three days, French and American guns pounded the British lines around the clock. Feeling his position collapsing, Cornwallis wrote to Clinton on October 10 calling for aid. The British situation was made worse by a smallpox outbreak within the town. On the night of October 11, Washingtons men began work on a second parallel, just 250 yards from the British lines. Progress on this work was impeded by two British fortifications, Redoubts #9 and #10, which prevented the line from reaching the river. Attack in the Night The capture of these positions was assigned to General Count William Deux-Ponts and Lafayette. Extensively planning the operation, Washington directed the French to mount a diversionary strike against the Fusiliers Redoubt at the opposite end of the British works.Ã This would be followed by Deux-Ponts and Lafayettes assaults thirty minutes later.Ã To help increase the odds of success, Washington selected a moonless night and ordered that the effort be made using bayonets only.Ã No soldier was permitted to load their musket until the assaults had began. Tasking 400 French regulars with the mission of taking Redoubt #9, Deux-Ponts gave command of the assault to Lieutenant Colonel Wilhelm von ZweibrÃ ¼cken.Ã Lafayette gave leadership of the 400-man force for Redoubt #10 to Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Hamilton. On October 14, Washington directed all of the artillery in the area to concentrate their fire on the two redoubts.Ã Around 6:30 PM, the French commenced the diversionary effort against the Fusiliers Redoubt.Ã Moving forward as planned,Ã ZweibrÃ ¼ckens men had difficulty clearing the abatis at Redoubt #9. Finally hacking through it, they reached the parapet and pushed back the Hessian defenders with a volley of musket fire. As the French surged into the redoubt, the defenders surrendered after a brief fight.Ã Approaching Redoubt #10, Hamilton directed a force under Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens to circle to the rear of the enemy to cut off the line of retreat to Yorktown. Cutting through the abatis, Hamiltons men climbed through a ditch in front of the redoubt and forced their way over the wall.Ã Encountering heavy resistance, they ultimately overwhelmed and captured the garrison. Immediately after the redoubts were captured, American sappers began extending the siege lines. The Noose Tightens: With the enemy growing nearer, Cornwallis again wrote to Clinton for help and described his situation as very critical. As the bombardment continued, now from three sides, Cornwallis was pressured into launching an attack against the allied lines on October 15. Led by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Abercrombie, the attack succeeded in taking some prisoners and spiking six guns, but was unable to breakthrough. Forced back by French troops, the British withdrew. Though the raid had been moderately successful, the damage inflicted was quickly repaired and the bombardment of Yorktown continued. On October 16, Cornwallis shifted 1,000 men and his wounded to Gloucester Point with the goal of transferring his army across the river and breaking out to the north. As the boats returned to Yorktown, they were scattered by a storm. Out of ammunition for his guns and unable to shift his army, Cornwallis decided to open negotiations with Washington. At 9:00 AM on October 17, a single drummer mounted the British works as a lieutenant waved a white flag. At this signal, the French and American guns halted the bombardment and the British officer was blindfolded and taken into the allied lines to commence surrender negotiations. Aftermath Talks commenced at the nearby Moore House, with Laurens representing the Americans, the Marquis de Noailles the French, and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Dundas and Major Alexander Ross representing Cornwallis. Through the course of the negotiations, Cornwallis attempted to obtain the same favorable terms of surrender that Major General John Burgoyne had received at Saratoga. This was refused by Washington who imposed the same harsh conditions that the British had demanded of Major General Benjamin Lincoln the year before at Charleston. With no other choice, Cornwallis complied and the final surrender documents were signed on October 19. At noon the French and American armies lined up to await the British surrender. Two hours later the British marched out with flags furled and their bands playing The World Turned Upside Down. Claiming he was ill, Cornwallis sent Brigadier General Charles OHara in his stead. Nearing the allied leadership, OHara attempted to surrender to Rochambeau but was instructed by the Frenchman to approach the Americans. As Cornwallis was not present, Washington directed OHara to surrender to Lincoln, who was now serving as his second-in-command. With the surrender complete, Cornwallis army was taken into custody rather than paroled. Shortly thereafter, Cornwallis was exchanged for Henry Laurens, the former President of the Continental Congress. The fighting at Yorktown cost the allies 88 killed and 301 wounded. British losses were higher and included 156 killed, 326 wounded. In addition, Cornwallis remaining 7,018 men were taken prisoner. The victory at Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolution and effectively ended the conflict in the Americans favor.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Structure of cells essays The cell theory forms a basis way for the way that biologists may now study living things. The cell theory states that all living things are made up of cells, cells are the smallest units of all living things, and all cells come from preexisting cells through cell division. The cell theory is an extremely popular method for biologists to observe organisms with. The cell theory applies to every single organism in the world. Whether an organism is made up of one cell or millions of cells, it is still made up of cells. Based on their cellular structures, all living cells can be divided into two groups: eukaryotic and prokaryotic. Eukaryotic cells are generally much larger and more complex than prokaryotic. Because of their larger size, they require a variety of specialized membrane organelles. These organelles are used to carry out metabolism, provide energy, and transport chemicals throughout the cell. Eukaryotic cells possess an internal membrane system that compartmentalizes the cell for various cellular functions. Prokaryotic cells differ significantly from eukaryotic cells. They lack a membrane- bound nucleus and instead of having chromosomal DNA, their genetic information is in a circular loop called plasmid. These cells have few internal structures that are distinguishable under a microscope. They are very small and they feature three main shapes: rod shaped, spherical, and spiral. Instead of going through an elaborate replication process like eukaryotes, bacterial cells divide by binary fission. There are also similiarities between the two types of cells. They both have DNA as their genetic material. Both are membrane bound and both have ribosomes. They have similar basic metabolism and they are both amazingly diverse in forms. ...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Alexander the Great - Research Paper Example By the time Alexander ascended to the throne of Macedonia, the main cities of Greece were already brought under the Macedonian rule and so Alexander came up with a strong and experienced military force in the land. At first, he established as the general of the Greece and then he ventured to expand the empire to the other side of the world. He started his expansion of the empire by attacking Asia Minor in 334 B.C. The ten years of expanding the empire, up to his death, marked as the craftsmanship of this Macedonian king. The whole Persia under Darius III came to be under Alexander the Great. The attack of Alexander in India (336 B.C.) witnessed the greatness of the emperor by giving the land to the earlier king. The near mutiny of his troops made him back to Macedon. The death of Alexander in 323 B.C. in Babylon witnessed the end of Macedonian dreams to conquer the remaining countries of the ancient world. BBC says, Ã¢â¬Å"Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered around two million square milesÃ¢â¬ (BBC). All the places he conquered were put together in an Ã¢â¬Ëinternational network of trade and commerceÃ¢â¬â¢. The language and culture of the Greek spread across the conquered places and there was the interchange of the culture- the Greek and the conquered countries. This research gives a small description of the conquests of Alexander the great and tries to analyze how AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s conquests affected the countries with Hellenistic attributes. So the paper takes the thesis statement, AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s the great conquests affected the countries in many ways. AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s Conquests It was after ascending into the throne of Macedon in 336 B.C., Alexander III took part with the desire of his father in expanding the territory of the country. His father, Philip II, had already made the Greek countries under Macedon through military and diplomatic measures. So he had already paved the way for his son to ride on. The new king Alexander at the age of 20 started his attempts to conquer the other countries. It was amazing for researchers to believe that Alexander could take control the major parts of the ancient world. His empire coved the countries like Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Persia, Afghanistan and India of the ancient world. All those places that came on the way from Macedonia to India became under the control of Alexander the great. (See appendix 1) William J. Duiker and Jackson J. Spielvogol had given the brief account of AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s invasion in their book, The Essential World History. It is stated in the book that, in the year 334 B.C. his army, consisting 37,000 men entered Asia Minor and soon the entire western half of the country came under Alexander. The attack of Alexander suddenly alarmed the Persian ruler, Darius III and he wanted to stop the movement of the Greek army. The battle of Issus was a fe arsome one between these two armies and finally the Greek became victorious. This success made him